Setting Up a Samba Share

Setting Up a Samba Share with Port Forwarding


In this beginner-friendly tutorial, I will guide you through setting up a Samba share with port forwarding. By the end, you will be able to install and configure Samba on your Linux server, configure port forwarding on your router, and access the Samba share from your client device.


Before we begin, ensure that you have the following:

A Linux server (e.g., Ubuntu, CentOS, or Debian) with root or sudo access. A router with port forwarding capabilities. A client device (e.g., Windows, macOS, or Linux) to access the shared files.

Step 1: Installing Samba

First, we need to install Samba on the Linux server. Depending on your Linux distribution, the installation command may vary.

For Ubuntu/Debian:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install samba 

For CentOS:

sudo yum install epel-release && sudo yum install samba 

Step 2: Configuring Samba Share

First, create a new directory for our Samba share, and set the appropriate permissions:

sudo mkdir /srv/samba/share 
sudo chown mickhat:mickhat /srv/samba/share 
sudo chmod 777 /srv/samba/share 

Now, let’s create a backup of the original Samba configuration file and then edit the file:

sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.bak 
sudo vi /etc/samba/smb.conf 

Add the following configuration at the end of the file:

path = /srv/samba/share 
read only = no 
browsable = yes 
valid users = mickhat 
create mask = 0777 
directory mask = 0777 

Save and close the file. Then, restart the Samba service:

sudo systemctl restart smbd 

Step 3: Configuring Port Forwarding

To configure port forwarding on your router, follow these general steps:

Log in to your router’s admin panel. Locate the “Port Forwarding” or “Virtual Servers” settings. Add a new rule with the following parameters: External Port: 445 Internal Port: 445 Protocol: TCP Internal IP Address: [Your Linux server’s local IP address] Save the configuration and reboot the router if required.

Step 4: Accessing the Samba Share

For Windows:

Open File Explorer and enter the following in the address bar:

\\[Your Linux server's public IP address]\MyShare

For macOS:

Open Finder, click on “Go” in the menu bar, and select “Connect to Server.” Enter the following:

smb://[Your Linux server's public IP address]/MyShare

For Linux:

Open your file manager and connect to the share using the following address:

smb://[Your Linux server's public IP address]/MyShare


Congratulations! You have successfully set up a Samba share with port forwarding. Now you can easily share files between your devices, even when they are not on the same local network.

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.